SOURCE: American Concrete Institute | September 1, 2019
The American Concrete Institute (ACI) has released a paper called Distributed Reinforcement Strains: Measurement and Application.
ACI says distributed reinforcement strain measurements could provide invaluable information for reinforced concrete (RC) model development and evaluation. A technique to measure distributed reinforcement strains using fibre optic sensors in RC elements is developed, which is more cost-effective and less time-consuming than existing methods.
Nine RC beams were tested in three-point bending to evaluate the measurement, which according to ACI, were accurate when compared to electrical strain gauges and theoretical predictions.
“This is the first instance where distributed fibre optic sensors have measured reinforcement strains accurately after cracking; however, strains well above yield were not reliably measured,” ACI adds.
Relating reinforcement strains with corresponding crack width measurements highlighted differences in how cracks initiate from crack to crack in a single specimen.
“Lastly, the experimental data were used to evaluate the potential for existing models to be used to predict reinforcement strains from external crack width measurements for RC assessment purposes,” ACI concludes.
This paper was written by Andre Brault and Neil A. Hoult.
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